Agastache, Huo Xiang, 藿香, Agastache rugosa

Disclaimer    For educational purposes only.  Do not use as medical advice

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Health Benefits
For: Vomiting • Nausea • Diarrhea • Stomach ache • Topical mosquito repellent
Attributes: Antiemetic • Anti-Inflammatory • Antifungal • Antibiotic • Antitumor • Antioxidative • Antimicrobial • Antibacterial • Antiviral • Insecticidal • Sedative
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Sesquiterpenes • Pogostone • Seychellene • Sesquiterpenols • Patchouli alcohol • Anethole • Limonene • Methychavicol • Anisaldehyde • Patchouli alcohol • Eugenol • Pogostol

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Fun Facts
Other Names: Korean mint • Patchouli • Blue licorice • Purple giant hyssop • Indian mint • Banga (Korean) • Pogostemonis
Plant Family: Labiatae (Mint)

Two plants are used for Huo Xiang:• Pogostemonis Herba (Guang Huo Xiang): Also call Patchouli.

• Agastaches Rugosa (Tu Huo Xiang): Also call Korean mint

Literature tend to point to Pogostemonis as being more potent and effective while Agastaches is considered less aromatic and less potent.  However, Agastaches is more common in the U.S.

Agastache rugosa is in the USDA Plant Database.  Drill down via USDA Interactive Map:

USA: Not found in the wild.  USDA Zones: 4-9

World: Korea, China, Japan, Russian Primorye, India, Taiwan, and Vietnam

Habitats: ‎Moist grasslands, valleys, banks of streams, rivers, ponds.

Properties, Actions, Indications, etc.              Category: Transform Dampness 
English: Agastache    Pinyin:  Huo Xiang      Pharmaceutical: Herba Pogostemonis    
Organs: Lung • Spleen • Stomach    Temperature: Slightly Warm
Taste: Pungent      Toxicity: None noted
Patterns: Dampness • Blockage of Middle Burner • Vomiting 
Actions:  Stop vomiting • Harmonize the middle burner • Transform Dampness • Relieve nausea • Release exterior wind cold
Indications: White, moist tongue • Nausea • Vomiting
Contraindications: Heat yin deficiency • Stomach fire • Mint allergy
Typical Dosage: 4.5 g to 9 g • Cook less than 15 minutes.          Guidelines
Parts Used: Root • Leaves  
Combine With Purpose
Ban Xia + Cang Zhu Dampness blocking the middle burner: nausea, vomiting, abdominal distention, diarrhea, and poor appetite
Bai Zhu + Dang Shen Spleen and stomach deficiency: vomiting and diarrhea
Zi Su Ye + Hou Po Wind cold and dampness blocking the middle burner: fever and chills, chest heaviness, nausea and cough
Sha Ren Morning sickness
Pei Lan Damp summer-heat: fatigue, nausea, heaviness in chest
Huang Qin + Lian Qiao + Hua Shi Fever, lethargic, dark urine, abdominal distention, general body aches
Huang Lian + Zhu Ru Damp heat vomiting
Formulas with Huo Xiang
Gan Lu Xiao Du Dan • Huo Xiang Zheng Qi San • Xie Huang San


Be cautions with all medicine.

  • Do not use with mint allergy


Potential Drug Interactions

Herbal medicine may interact negatively with pharma drugs and other herbs.  Examples below:

Herbs: None noted

Pharma Drugs:None noted

Information in this post came from many sources, including class notes, practitioners, websites, webinars, books, magazines, and editor's personal experience.  While the original source often came from historical Chinese texts,  variations may result from the numerous English translations.   Always consult a doctor prior to using these drugs.  The information here is strictly for educational purposes. 

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