Malt Sugar, Yi Tang, 饴糖, Saccharum granorum

Disclaimer    For educational purposes only.  Do not use as medical advice

AboutPlantsChinese MedicineCaution
Health Benefits
For: Dry cough • Abdominal pain • Shortness of breath
Attributes: Atitussive
Products (online examples)





Research (sample)


Sugar • Maltose • Proteins • Vitamin B • Fats

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Fun Facts
Other Names: Maltose • Jiao Tang
Plant Family: N/A
Yi Tang is a combination of barley malt and rice flour or wheat flour.  The mixture is cooked over low heat.

Properties, Actions, Indications, etc.              Category: Tonify Qi 
English: Malt Sugar    Pinyin:  Yi Tang      Pharmaceutical: Saccharum Granorum  
Organs: Lung • Spleen • Stomach  Temperature: Warm  
Taste: Sweet  Toxicity:   
Patterns: Lung deficiency • Dry cough • Spleen deficiency • Qi deficiency 
Actions:  Moisten lungs • Stop coughing • Tonify spleen • Tonify Qi • Relax tension • Reduce pain • Coat choking objects
Indications: Dry cough • Fatigue • Shortness of breath
Contraindications: Damp heat • Phlegm• Heat • Pediatric food stagnation • Pediatric malnutrition
Typical Dosage: 30g to 60g          Guidelines
Parts Used:   
Other: Add at very end of decoction
Combine With Purpose
Gui Zhi + Bai Shao + Zhi Gan Cao Spleen deficiency: fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath, poor appetite, abdominal pain [3],[5],[17]
Gui Zhi + Bai Shao + Zhi Gan Cao + Huang Qi Acute Qi deficiency + spleen deficiency [3],[5],[17],[18]
Gui Zhi + Bai Shao + Zhi Gan Cao + Dang Gui Acute blood deficiency [3],[17],[18]
Hua Jiao + Gan Jiang + Ren Shen Yin cold, yang deficiency in the middle jiao [17]
Feng Mi + Bai Bu + Xing Ren Lung deficiency dry cough [17]
Xing Ren + Bai Bu + Sha Shen Dry Cough[3],[18]
Huang Qi + Dang Shen +Zhi Gan Cao + Da Zao Spleen deficiency, stomach deficiency [18]
Gan Jiang + Chuan Jiao + Ren Shen Middle Jiao Yang deficiency: cold extremities, vomiting, and abdominal discomfort [3]
Sha Ren Restless fetus syndrom[3]
Dang Shen + Zhi Gan Cao + Da Zao Qi deficiency with fatique, poor appetite and shortness of breath [3]
Formulas with Yi Tang
Da Jian Zhong Tang • Huang Qi Jian Zhong Tang • Xiao Jian Zhong Tang

Be cautions with all medicine.
Potential Drug Interactions

Herbal medicine may interact negatively with pharma drugs and other herbs.  Examples below:


Pharma Drugs:

[5], [8]

Information in this post came from many sources, including class notes, practitioners, websites, webinars, books, magazines, and editor's personal experience.  While the original source often came from historical Chinese texts,  variations may result from the numerous English translations.   Always consult a doctor prior to using these drugs.  The information here is strictly for educational purposes. 

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